Baseline Characteristics View Large Download. Table 2. Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Risk and benefits of estrogen plus progesterone in healthy postmenopausal women. Google Scholar. Estrogen replacement therapy and fractures in older women. Ann Intern Med. The short-term effects of conjugated equine estrogen on bone turnover in older women.
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The effect of low-dose continuous estrogen and progesterone therapy with calcium and vitamin D on bone in elderly women: a randomized, controlled trial. J Clin Epidemiol.
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Postmenopausal bone loss is prevented by treatment with low-dosage estrogen with calcium. Am J Obstet Gynecol. Low-dose esterified estrogen therapy. Arch Intern Med.maisonducalvet.com/peaflor-dating-websites.php
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Effect of lower doses of conjugated equine estrogen with and without medroxyprogesterone acetate on bone in early postmenopausal women. Meta-analysis of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis, V. Endocr Rev.
Reduction of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis treated with raloxifene. Effects of risedronate treatment on vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Effect of oral alendronate on bone mineral density and the incidence of fractures in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. Effect of alendronate on risk of fracture in women with low bone density but without vertebral fractures. Endogenous hormones and the risk of hip fracture and vertebral fractures among older women. Associations between low levels of serum estradiol, bone density, and fractures among elderly women.
Original Contribution. Karen M. Prestwood, MD ; Anne M. Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account. Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, and more. Purchase access Subscribe to the journal.
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Get free access to newly published articles Create a personal account or sign in to: Register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles Access PDFs of free articles Manage your interests Save searches and receive search alerts. The chips were moved into the operating theater and after 2 h of GF adsorption, the chips were spread on a surgery gauze to soak all the remaining liquid and thereafter directly used by the veterinary surgeon. Clinical Veterinary Case— Details of Surgery and Postoperative Care : The local ethics committee was consulted regarding this novel procedure, and the informed consent of the dog's owner was obtained prior to the procedure.
The entire right humerus and proximal third of the left humerus were clipped and aseptically prepared for surgery. For analgesia, a brachial plexus nerve block was performed preoperatively using 20 mg of levobupivacaine, and methadone 6 mg IV was given once during surgery. A standard surgical approach was made to the fractured humerus, on its medial aspect. Approximately 1 cm of the nonhealing ends of the bone were excised, along with all soft tissue within the fracture gap.
The fracture was stabilized using a 3. A standard surgical approach was made over the greater trochanter of the left humerus and a hole was drilled in the lateral cortex using a 4. The combined graft materials were placed within the fracture gap using Debakey forceps. The muscle layer was closed using polydioxanone in a simple continuous pattern and skin was closed using poliglecaprone 25 in an intradermal pattern. Surgical time was 4 h and 5 min and recovery from anesthesia was rapid and smooth.
For postoperative analgesia, methadone 6 mg IM was given every 4 h for the first day postoperatively and meloxicam 2 mg PO SID was prescribed for 2 weeks. The dog attended twice weekly physiotherapy sessions for 5 months postoperatively, and daily physiotherapy exercises were encouraged at home. For the first 7 weeks, physiotherapy included the application of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy to the fracture site 50 Hz, constant pulse, for 30 min twice daily, Biomag 2 Therapy Unit, Westville Therapy.
The dog's exercise was restricted to short controlled lead walks for around 3 months after surgery; it was then progressively increased as limb function improved. Please note: The publisher is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. Any queries other than missing content should be directed to the corresponding author for the article.
Volume 6 , Issue 2. The full text of this article hosted at iucr. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username.
Advanced Science Volume 6, Issue 2. Full Paper Open Access. Zhe A. David W. James F. Elena S. William G. Matthew J. Dalby Corresponding Author E-mail address: Matthew.
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Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Abstract While new biomaterials for regenerative therapies are being reported in the literature, clinical translation is slow. Figure 1 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint. Figure 2 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint. White arrows on the merged image show areas of colocalization in yellow. Phalloidin stains actin cytoskeleton in green and DAPI stains nuclei in blue. Figure 3 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint.